What are neurodevelopmental disorders?
Neurodevelopmental disorders characterize an "atypical" development of the brain. This can result in cognitive (e.g. language, social skills, planning, attention) and/or motor (motor skills and gestures) difficulties. But atypical functioning can also be a plus for our society. In fact, people with a brain that functions differently can lead to "alternative" ways of thinking and solving problems.
The DSM 5 identifies the following neurodevelopmental disorders:
- Intellectual disabilities
- Communication disorders
- Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
- Specific Learning Disorder
- Motor disorders
- Other neurodevelopmental disorders" which are disorders that are related to characteristic manifestations of neurodevelopmental disorders but do not meet all the criteria for any of the disorders mentioned
Each type of disorder is characterized by specific manifestations but, in general, these manifestations very often cause difficulties in fully participating in society. In children and adolescents, this can result in difficulties in creating and maintaining social relationships and/or problems in learning at school and then completing vocational training. In adulthood, these difficulties persist and can impact the person's work situation and daily life.
What is social participation?
Social participation is the act of carrying out the activities of daily life, leisure and civic acts, which allows individuals to participate in the functioning of society. Being in a situation of disability (cognitive and/or motor) may represent one or more obstacles to social participation. This is why the Neurodev network is committed to promoting this participation by using all the resources at its disposal.
Who is concerned?
The Neurodev network's activities concern all people with neurodevelopmental disorders, from childhood to adulthood, as well as caregivers and professionals in the field.