Within the context of the LIVES theoretical framework conceptualising vulnerability as a dynamic process involving resources and stressors (Spini et al., 2017), IP2 aims to investigate factors contributing to inequality in health, with a specific focus on objective and subjective conditions creating vulnerability. While the robustness of the social gradient of health (Bambra, 2016; Marmot, 2015) has been widely documented, the underlying mechanisms shaping individuals’ health are still poorly understood, and this is particularly the case in disadvantaged/vulnerable groups (Mackenbach, 2012). IP2 aims to help close this gap, by proposing not only that actual conditions (e.g., living situation, legal status) are important, but that perceptions of resources play a central role, contributing to perceived vulnerability. Patterns of actual resources and individuals’ resource perceptions will be studied in predefined groups at risk, in order to examine dynamics between objective conditions and individuals’ perceptions under those conditions, using a descriptive as well as comparative approach (i.e., comparison of subgroups of more or less perceived vulnerability within those groups, as well as comparison with the normal population).
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